Critical thinking involves more than an activity of logical reasoning or depth examination of certain arguments. Critical thinking involves the recognition of the assumptions underlying our own beliefs and behaviors. It means we can justify our ideas and actions, justifications whose rationality we try to judge. It means we can think, plan and anticipate the consequences of those actions. And it means that we can test whether these justifications are appropriate or not. In short, critical thinking has a reflexive dimension. The idea of reflective learning is therefore related to critical thinking. The features of professionalism would dissolve in relative futility if we do not recuperate one of the essential ideas of educational quality. This essential idea honors the educational commitment with the student, with the mastery of the subject, with the flexibility and reflexivity that make sense when it is extended from the individual to the collective level of the institution and the team work, with its difficulties and conflicts. It from the conviction that you cannot give up to achieve quality.
Dr. Manuel Fernandez Cruz and Dr. Jose Gijon Puerta, University of Granada, Spain